After suffering from the global pandemic, COVID 19 national and international programs supporting scientists worldwide finally succeeded in developing the COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna (mRNA-1273) and Ensuring its safety and effectiveness. Now, they are yet preparing to manufacture them on a mass scale. Earlier only in the United States of America has received approvals for emergency public use of Moderna vaccine by the FDA but, now this vaccine has also received authorization at several other locations, including Israel, Mexico, European Union, Canada and still in other countries this vaccine is under additional approval by the World Health Organization.
General information which is available for the Moderna vaccine:
Manufactured by: ModernaTX, Inc.
Type of vaccine: mRNA
First of all, We Will Discuss the Working of the COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna.
To understand how vaccines work, we have to look at how our bodies fight illness.
When a virus causing COVID-19 enters our bodies, they attack and multiply their value. This invasion is called infection and causes illness. Our body uses several functions to fight infection. Our body consists of different kind of blood cells and Different blood cells perform the other function to protect the body from infection
There are three types of white blood cells in our body that fight infection in different ways:
- Macrophages are white blood cells that swallow up, digest germs and dying cells
- B-lymphocytes They produce antibodies that attack the pieces of the virus left behind by the macrophages
- T-lymphocytes: they attack cells in the body that already infected with the virus.
When the first time a person was infected with COVID-19, it can take several days or weeks for our body to recover from the infection. After being retrieved with the condition, the person’s immune system remembers what it learned about protecting the body against that disease and action quickly if it suffers from the same virus again.
How COVID-19 Vaccines Moderna Works?
COVID-19 vaccines help our bodies boost immunity against the virus that causes COVID-19 without making us ill. It typically takes a few weeks to produce T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes after our body gets the vaccine. Therefore, there are chances of infection with the virus that causes COVID-19 before or after vaccination. The vaccine did not get enough time to protect our bodies. People who get vaccination sometimes suffer from fever because vaccines help build immunity, which can cause symptoms, such as fever. These symptoms are usual and are a sign that the body is building immunity.
General information regarding Moderna vaccine
Moderna vaccine contains material from the virus, which causes COVID-19. It teaches our body cells how to make a harmless protein unique to the virus and found on the virus’s surface. After our cells make copies of that protein and they destroy the genetic material from the vaccine. Our bodies recognize that the protein should not be there and build T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes to remember how to fight the virus that causes COVID-19.
One myth regarding vaccines is that the vaccine uses the live virus, but it is entirely wrong. It does not use the live virus that causes COVID-19 and cannot infect someone with COVID-19. Besides, these mRNA vaccines do not interact with a person’s DNA.
How to minimize the impact of COVID-19?
- Getting vaccinated is one of the steps that you can take to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
- Wearing a mask and maintaining social distancing would also help in decreasing the chance of infection.
- Protection from COVID-19 is most important because it can cause severe illness or death.
How does this vaccine succeed in protecting from viruses?
COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna has shown highly effective results in preventing the virus. After carefully evaluate in the clinical trial and the World Health Organization (WHO) has issued some guidelines related to the Moderna vaccine. However, till now it is not expected to have a clinical trial of this Moderna vaccine in young children until 2022
Here is all the information that helps you to know about the vaccine
First, we have to know who needs to be vaccinated first. The urgent need for the vaccine shows in senior citizens and health service providers or who are working day and night in treating patients and are at high risk of exposure to infection with COVID-19.
INFORMATION REGARDING VACCINE
- A person having an impaired immune system, including individuals receiving immune antiviral drug therapy, may have a lesser response to the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine.
- The Moderna vaccine has been authorized for use on individuals age 18 years and older. Apart from it, testing is still under process for 12-17 years old.
- The Moderna vaccine is very much easier to use in comparison with other vaccines. Vaccine shipment is the most crucial matter to discuss as -4 Fahrenheit temperature is needed for this Vaccine to store.
- No further information is available from WHO regarding the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine interchangeability, which can be used as a Moderna subordinate.
- To complete the vaccination Cycle, Individuals who have received one dose of the Vaccine shall have to obtain a second dose of the Moderna COVID-19.
Is the Moderna vaccine safe for people who are suffering from several kinds of disease?
Yes, the vaccine is safe as well as effective in people with known medical conditions concerning the increased risk of severe diseases. Such as hypertension, diabetes, liver or kidney disease, as well as chronic infections that are stable and controllable.
Can a breastfeeding woman take a vaccine?
Yes, a woman who involves in breastfeeding can take the vaccine as well as the discontinuation of breastfeeding after the vaccine is not recommend by our health service providers.
Does the Moderna vaccine have any effects on pregnancy?
Currently, very little data is available regarding this as pregnant women are at the highest risk of exposure. It recommended taking a vaccine after consulting with the health service provider. But besides that based on the information that we have but there is no valid reason available to believe that vaccines have any harmful impact on pregnant women.
General dosage description: As per the recommendation provides by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) 2 doses of 100 µg, 0.5 ml each should be given to the infected person interval between the doses shall be 28 days and can be extended up to max 42 days.
How long will the efficiency of the vaccine be another important question which arises in the mind?
COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna has said earlier that it is 92 percent effective in protecting against the coronavirus. But the time duration of efficiency is still in question. And as we don’t know whether it will be providing safety against transmission.
Those who are getting vaccinated must complete their two dosages and submit the clinical reports online here. Website and submit their report
Till then all we have to do is to maintain all precautionary steps to prevent the transmission of virus.